Cancer Peter Paul was a Dutch artist that become one of the most influential painters of his generation and as well as served as a diplomat for European royal families. He was born in an influential family as his father worked as a lawyer for the House of William I.
Not only was he an enormously successful painter whose workshop produced a staggering number of works; but he also played an important diplomatic role in 17th-century European politics.
Peter Paul Rubens was born in Siegen in Germany, but from the age of 10 he lived and went to school in Antwerp.
His first job, at the age of 13, was as court page to a countess. It was a prestigious position for a young man, but Rubens found it stifling and began training as an artist. As soon as he had completed his training, he set out for Italy in order to see for himself the great Renaissance and classical works that he knew from copies.
For eight years, he travelled and worked in Spain, copying and incorporating the techniques of Renaissance and classical art. He left immediately for Antwerp, but by the time he arrived she had died. Once home, Rubens decided to stay in the city.
His reputation had preceded him, and in at the age of 33 he was appointed court painter to the rulers of the Netherlands, the Archduke Albert and his wife Isabella. The following year, he married his own Isabella - Isabella Brandt. Rubens could now afford to buy a grand house in a fashionable part of Antwerp.
He built a large studio to accommodate his pupils and assistants he received far too many commissions to complete them all single-handedly. He designed it himself in an Italian style.
He also added a circular sculpture hall, based on the Pantheon, to the house. A diligent and disciplined man, he rose at 4am each day and worked until 5 in the evening before going out riding to keep himself physically fit.
While painting, he would have someone read to him from a work of classical literature. Two entire galleries were to be decorated with scenes from the lives of the queen and her late husband. The commission was a fraught one.
Maria was awkward and changeable; and her favourite, Cardinal Richelieu, saw Rubens as a political threat.
After years of wrangling, the project was abandoned half completed when Maria was banished from court. In the plague reached Antwerp. Rubens moved his family to Brussels until the worst of it had passed.
Rubens threw himself into his diplomatic work in order to distract himself. He spent several months in England where he carried out several commissions for Charles I who was a passionate collector of art.
One of the commissions that Rubens was to carry out for Charles was the decoration of the roof of his new Banqueting House at Whitehall. Court artist From the mids Rubens become increasingly busy with diplomatic duties.
Antwerp, in the southern Netherlands, was part of an empire ruled by Catholic Spain. The Protestant northern Netherlands were united under Dutch rule. Both sides hoped to unite the Netherlands under their own regime. In the truce came to an end and just at this crucial time, the sovereign Archduke Albert died.
His consort, Isabella, continued as governor but her situation was a precarious one as Spain, France and England tried to decide who they should ally themselves with, and against whom. Rubens was called upon to negotiate in France and England on behalf of Isabella as the representative of the Spanish Netherlands.
Because painters often had reason to travel to foreign courts, he was well placed to carry out secret or delicate visits without his presence arousing suspicion. He became a close confidante of Isabella and she valued his advice.
Last years After 18 months abroad, Rubens had had enough of the thankless task of politicking. He returned to Antwerp to see his children and to look after his domestic affairs. He could also dedicate himself entirely to painting.Following Jan Rubens' imprisonment for the affair, Peter Paul Rubens was born in The family returned to Cologne the next year.
In , two years after his father's death, Rubens moved with his mother Maria Pypelincks . Biography Production designer Peter S. Larkin began his career in New York theater shortly after graduating from the Deerfield Academy and Yale in the early '50s.
Before long, he was one of Broadway's most respected art directors for both musicals and straight productions. figures of European art was Peter Paul Rubens, who was a painter, diplomat, and businessman.
Quickly recognizing the commercial potential of printmaking, Rubens organized a graphic workshop where, under his supervision, reproductions of .
Peter Paul Rubens, June 28, Peter Paul was a Dutch artist that become one of the most influential painters of his generation and as well as served as a diplomat for European royal families, He was born in an influential family as his father worked as a lawyer for the House of William I.
Paul Reubens was born Paul Rubenfeld on August 27, in Peekskill, New York, to Judy (Rosen), a teacher, and Milton Rubenfeld, a car salesman who.
Sir Peter Paul Rubens (/ ˈ r uː b ən z /; Dutch: [ˈrybə(n)s]; 28 June – 30 May ) was a Flemish artist. He is considered the most influential artist of Flemish Baroque tradition.
Rubens' highly charged compositions reference erudite aspects of classical and Christian caninariojana.comion: Tobias Verhaecht, Adam van Noort, Otto van Veen.