Geological setting[ edit ] The Cyclades are part of a metamorphic complex that is known as the Cycladic Massif. The complex formed during the Miocene and was folded and metamorphosed during the Alpine orogeny around 60 million years ago. The basement rock is primarily composed of metamorphosed limestone and schistwhich date from the Alpine Orogeny. The metamorphic grade is a blueschist facieswhich results from tectonic deformation by the subduction of the African Plate beneath the Eurasian Plate.
Bibliography Eruption of Mount Vesuvius of 79 AD On August 24th, 79 AD, Mount Vesuvius awoke, a volcano once thought to be extinct erupted covering the surrounding cities and those that remained in it with pumice, ash and debris Cameron, A rich description of the Mount Vesuvius eruption day events has been discovered through the archaeological evidence and the use of written letters of an eyewitness.
Pliny the Younger wrote letters to Tacitus the senator and historian describing what he saw the day of the eruption Capasso, If you wish to read the translated letters of Pliny the Younger to Tacitus, click here or click on the tab in the menus bar under Eruption of Mount Vesuvius of 79 AD.
An easy way to understand the events on the eruption day is to do so in a chronological order, using the initial eruption and the seven following pyroclastic surges at pivotal points in where destruction escalated to the surrounding cities. However, according to archaeological evidence, we now know that the eruption occurred closer to 1 PM.
The eruption caused the sky of the surrounding cities to fill with ash, pumice Pumice is a volcanic stone that is porous and spongy. Inhabitants in both the cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum began to evacuate.
The citizens were described as being worried but not frantic Capasso, Some individuals in Pompeii were described as having pillows tied to their heads to avoid being hit by falling pumice Luke, The majority of citizens left but there were those who chose to remain in the area and seek shelter, which would prove to be a fatal mistake.
On August 25 at approximately 1 AM, the volcano column collapsed causing the first surge sending extremely hot ash, gas, and rock towards Herculaneum.
Burning cloud rushed through the town of Herculaneum killing all life instantly Capasso, The cloud gained speed when it reached the cliff to the beach, killing the people hidden inside waterfront shelters.
By 8 AM, Pompeii, Herculaneum, and the surrounding countryside were covered in ash. The major cause of death was pyroclastic surges causing asphyxiation and thermal shock and falling pumice Luke, This Video is a digital animation of the eruption of Mt.
Vesuvius in 79 AD from Pompeii perspective. Please check out the Interactive Eruption of presented National Geography for a fun visual learning experience."The Destruction of Pompeii, 79 AD," EyeWitness to History, caninariojana.com ().
At the time of its destruction, Pompeii is estimated to have had a population of 20, Pliny became a . Augustus was the second head of the beast and the first official emperor of Rome. 13 Here the similarities between the virgin birth of Christ and the divine conception of Augustus are interesting.
The only begotten Son of God, Jesus was born of a virgin and saw his father as the supreme divinity. Fulfillment by Amazon (FBA) is a service we offer sellers that lets them store their products in Amazon's fulfillment centers, and we directly pack, ship, and provide customer service for these products.
That all changed on August 24, 79 AD, when a massive eruption destroyed the cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum, submerging them under layers of volcanic material and mud and killing thousands of people. Here are 10 facts about Mt. Vesuvius and the famous eruption. 1. Mt. Vesuvius is one of the world’s most dangerous volcanoes.
Vesuvius – the most dangerous volcano in Europe But on the background is always the “Big bad boy”! Vesuvius is the unique volcano in Europe situated on the main-land. The crater of Vesuvius arised by the famous eruption in 79 AD and grow up inside the ancient Mt. Somma crater.
Somma is years old.
|Garden like the Queen||On August 24, 79 Mount Vesuvius literally blew its top, spewing tons of molten ash, pumice and sulfuric gas miles into Vesuvius erupts, the atmosphere. A "firestorm" of poisonous vapors and molten debris engulfed the surrounding area suffocating the inhabitants of the neighboring Roman resort cities of Pompeii, Herculaneum and Stabiae.|
|Rome and Romania, Roman Emperors, Byzantine Emperors, etc.||For other topics, please see our main Newsletter Archives page. To subscribe to our FREE email newsletter, click here.|
|Types of Eruptions||A population of around 15, people and an estimated 2, died.|
Santorini was named by the Latin Empire in the thirteenth century, and is a reference to Saint Irene, from the name of the old cathedral in the village of Perissa – the name Santorini is a contraction of the name Santa Irini.
Before then, it was known as Kallístē (Καλλίστη, "the most beautiful one"), Strongýlē (Greek: Στρογγύλη, "the circular one"), [full citation needed.