Board of Educationwhich outlawed segregated education, or the Montgomery Bus Boycott and culminated in the late s or early s. Despite the fact that they were not always united around strategy and tactics and drew members from different classes and backgrounds, the movement nevertheless cohered around the aim of eliminating the system of Jim Crow segregation and the reform of some of the worst aspects of racism in American institutions and life. Much of our memory of the Civil Rights Movement of the s and s is embodied in dramatic photographs, newsreels, and recorded speeches, which America encountered in daily papers and the nightly news. As the movement rolled across the nation, Americans absorbed images of hopeful, disciplined, and dedicated young people shaping their destinies.
Abbott inthe Chicago Defender is one of America's longest-running African American newspapers. The Defender is best known for having spurred the Great Migration of African Americans from the southern United States to the nation's urban centers in the north--especially Chicago--during the first decades of the 20th century.
The Defender also paved the way for the modernization of the Black press, given its capital resources; advanced printing technologies; national and international distribution networks; and multi-cultural, transnational readership.
The paper's signal collection is its photograph archives, which contain nearlyitems. A limited number of vintage images dates back as early as the s, but the strength of the collection lies in photographs from the ss.
Topically, the archives are particularly strong in the fields of Black business, politics local, state, national, and internationalthe Civil Rights Movement, entertainment, celebrities, leisure culture, sports, community organizations, and community activism.
For information about the Chicago Defender, visit chicagodefender. The exhibition holdings range from paintings by master African American artists, a collection of over 2, African artifacts and a range of objects from the early 's to the present. There is an extensive photographic collection as well as costumes, works on paper, and sculpture.
The scope of the collections ranges from the southside of Chicago to national and international history, art and culture. Woodson Regional Library, Vivian G.
The collection was founded in by Vivian G. Harsh, the first black librarian to head a branch of the Chicago Public Library. Harsh was an activist in Carter G. Woodson's Association for the Study of Negro Life and History, she actively sought donations for the collection from scholars, writers, and community activists.
In the s and s the collection became a central meeting place and resource during the Chicago Renaissance. By the collection was moved to the new Carter G.
Woodson Regional Library, where it was renamed in honor of Vivian G. Today the Harsh Collection holds more than 75, books, many of them rare, over periodical titles, some 15, reels of microfilm, nearly 5, clipping files, and some manuscript and archival collections.
Although the holdings include materials on peoples of African descent across the United States and throughout the Diaspora, the collection's primary focus is on documenting all aspects of African American history and culture in Chicago and the state of Illinois.
The scope of the manuscript and archival holdings is especially diverse; these holdings include significant resources in literature, art, music, journalism, social science, civil rights activism, religion, law, business, labor, the medical professions, and social clubs.
Chronologically, the strength of the collection lies primarily in the period to Aug 21, · Watch video · The Black Panthers, also known as the Black Panther Party, was a political organization founded in by Huey Newton and Bobby Seale to challenge police brutality against the African American.
Family concerns, if they appear in African American fiction at all, are usually subtexts, as they are in "The Stones of the Village." It would seem that the goal orientation of African American literature at this time caused authors to emphasize social and political issues above those of family.
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