See Article History Alternative Title: A longtime member of the Indian National Congress Congress Partythe elder Mukherjee spent several years in prison as a result of his activities opposing British rule and, after Indian independence, held a seat in the state legislature of West Bengal — Pranab was educated at the Suri Vidyasagar College then affiliated with the University of Calcuttaand he later earned an advanced degree in history and political science as well as a law degree from the university. In he accepted a teaching position at a small college near Calcutta now Kolkata that was associated with the university.
The president lays the Annual Financial Statement, i. The president can take advances out of the Contingency Fund of India to meet unforeseen expenses.
The president constitutes a Finance commission after every five years to recommend the distribution of the taxes between the centre and the States.
Also, such treaties are subject to the approval of the parliament. The president represents India in international forums and affairs where such a function is chiefly ceremonial.
The president may also send and receive diplomats, i. The president can declare war or conclude peace,  on the advice of the Union Council of Ministers headed by the prime minister. All important treaties and contracts are made in the President's name.
Presidential pardon As mentioned in Article 72 of the Indian constitutionthe president is empowered with the powers to grant pardons in the following situations: Punishment is by a military court.
A sentence that is of death. In most cases, however, the president exercises his executive powers on the advice of the prime minister and the cabinet.
The Emergency India A national emergency can be declared in the whole of India or a part of its territory for causes of war or armed rebellion or an external aggression. Such an emergency was declared in India in Indo-China warIndo-Pakistan war and to declared by Indira Gandhi.
Such a proclamation must be approved by the parliament with an at least two-thirds majority within one month. Such an emergency can be imposed for six months. It can be extended by six months by repeated parliamentary approval-there is no maximum duration.
This emergency lasted through the Indo-Pakistani War of and up to It was revoked in The second emergency in India was proclaimed in by President V.
Giri on the eve of the Indo-Pakistani War of The first two emergencies were in the face of external aggression and War. They were hence external emergencies. Even as the second emergency was in progress, another internal emergency was proclaimed by President Fakhruddin Ali Ahmedwith Indira Gandhi as prime minister in 1 ELECTION TO THE OFFICE OF PRESIDENT OF INDIA Frequently Asked Questions 1.
What are the Role and the Power of the President of India? Answer: India has adopted the system of Parliamentary democracy. Indian presidential election, ← 17 July He was administered oath by the Chief Justice of India Jagdish Singh Khehar, to take office as the 14th President of India on 25 July at the Central Hall located in The Parliament House, New caninariojana.comt: 99% (estimated).
Part V of the Constitution (The Union) under Chapter I (The Executive) lists out the qualification, election and impeachment of the President of India. The President of India is the head of state of the Republic of India. The President is the formal head of the executive, legislature and judiciary of India and is also the commander-in-chief of the .
In the Presidential Debate, President Barack Obama and Governor Mitt Romney make several major claims about topics that are both controversial, yet necessary to discuss such as major economic plans and issues regarding Medicare.
Indian presidential election, ← 17 July He was administered oath by the Chief Justice of India Jagdish Singh Khehar, to take office as the 14th President of India on 25 July at the Central Hall located in The Parliament House, New caninariojana.comt: 99% (estimated). The Election Commission of India.
The Election Commission of India is an autonomous, constitutionally established federal authority responsible for administering .