Visit Website Britain had long regulated colonial trade through a system of restrictions and duties on imports and exports. In the first half of the 18th century, however, British enforcement of this system had been lax. Starting with the Sugar Act ofwhich imposed new duties on sugar and other goods, the British government began to tighten its reins on the colonies. Shortly thereafter, George Grenvillethe British first lord of the treasury and prime minister, proposed the Stamp Act; Parliament passed the act without debate in
Effects of the Sugar Act In order to enforce the collection of taxes violators were tried in admiralty courts where a judge decided the outcome rather than in colonial courts in where the decision was left to a jury. Admiralty courts were located in Halifax, Nova Scotia while colonial courts were local.
This new system removed the traditional British protection to a fair trial. In addition to lowering the tax on sugar and enforcing collection of taxes, the new law also affected the trade of certain commodities. Lumber and iron were added to the list of products that could be traded only with England.
Duties were introduced to the importation of coffee, pimiento, wine from Madeira and the Azores and French and West Indian goods.
With few exceptions vessels going to the colonies had to pass through Britain, unload its cargo, pay duty on it, reload it and sail to the colonies. These measures increased the cost of doing business and undermined local industry. The Sugar Act and the American Revolution Because of the strict enforcement the act did accomplish its goal of reducing smuggling which affected colonial economy, especially in Massachusetts, New York and Pennsylvania.
The protests against the act were heavier in affected colonies and almost non-existent in unaffected ones. For the first time the Sugar Act raised different constitutional issues. While many perceived the Sugar Act as an infringement of their constitutional rights because they were, for the first time, taxed to raise revenue for the benefit of the crown, others viewed it as a tax to regulate the flow of trade and as a continuation of the existing and long accepted Molasses Act.
Those who perceived the law as unconstitutional thought that the law transformed a trade regulation into a revenue measure. Colonial residents had a fragmented view and it was not perceived in a uniformed way.The Stamp Act differed from the Sugar Act in that it was intended to collect an “internal tax” and not a trade tax.
American colonies were obliged to pay a fee on almost every piece of paper used for legal documents, licenses, etc.
The Stamp Act of (short title Duties in American Colonies Act ; 5 George III, c. 12) was an Act of the Parliament of Great Britain that imposed a direct tax on the Thirteen Colonies and required that many printed materials in the colonies be produced on stamped paper produced in London, carrying an embossed revenue stamp.
Introduction Two of the major events commonly regarded as preludes to the American Revolution were the enactment of the Sugar Act () and the Stamp Act . Nov 09, · Watch video · The Stamp Act of was the first internal tax levied directly on American colonists by the British government.
Nov 09, · Watch video · The Stamp Act of was the first internal tax levied directly on American colonists by the British government. The act, which imposed a tax on all paper documents in the colonies, came at a. Nov 09, · Watch video · The Stamp Act of was the first internal tax levied directly on American colonists by the British government. The act, which imposed a tax on all paper documents in the colonies, came at a. The Sugar Act Titled The American Revenue Act of On April 5, , Parliament passed a modified version of the Sugar and Molasses Act (), which was about to expire. Under the Molasses Act colonial merchants had been required to pay a tax of six pence per gallon on the importation of foreign molasses.
The act, which imposed a tax on all paper documents in the colonies, came at a. The Sugar Act Titled The American Revenue Act of On April 5, , Parliament passed a modified version of the Sugar and Molasses Act (), which was about to expire.
Under the Molasses Act colonial merchants had been required to pay a tax of six pence per . When enacted in May, , the Sugar Act (Revenue Act of ) was intended to raise revenue to repay England's national debt.
Although the act is frequently compared to the unenforced Molasses Act of , the Sugar Act imposed duties on a number of goods including molasses and other forms of sugar, textiles and dye, coffee, and wines.