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Ralph Waldo Emerson is occasionally included in the group as well. The name "Fireside Poets" is derived from that popularity; their writing was a source of entertainment for families gathered around the fire at home. The name was further inspired by Longfellow's poetry collection The Seaside and the Fireside.
Only Emerson rejected the traditional European forms that his contemporaries often utilized and instead called for new American forms and emphasized content over form.
The Fireside Poets did not write for the sake of other poets, for critics, or for posterity. Instead, they wrote for a contemporary audience of general readers. Emerson once wrote, "I embrace the common, I explore and sit at the feet of the familiar, the low".
A culminating event was the 70th birthday party of Whittier in organized by publisher Henry Oscar Houghtoneditor of the Atlantic Monthly. The event was meant to serve as a symbol of the magazine's association with the poets.
Most of them were present for the celebration,  though Lowell had recently moved to Spain.
The speech was scandalous because it showed a lack of reverence and, in turn, Twain felt guilty for his transgression  and wrote notes to the poets apologizing for it. Horace Scudder in his book Literature in School emphasized this point: They were born on American soil; they have breathed American air; they were nurtured on American ideas.
They are Americans of Americans.
They are as truly the issue of our national life as are the common schools in which we glory. During the fifty years in which our common-school system has been growing to maturity, these six have lived and sung; and I dare to say that the lives and songs of Bryant, Emerson, Longfellow, Whittier, Holmes, and Lowell have an imperishable value regarded as exponents of national life.
According to scholar Kevin Stein, this emphasis reflects an expectation that poetry should have didactic messages and that poems can be used for moral betterment.
Young readers, however, often turn away from this type of poetry because they dislike such sermonizing tones. He wrote to William Dean Howells: Infor example, The Dial noted, "The message of our older poets, it is true, has lost something of its timeliness with the lapse of years, and they have not found the successors that we could have wished; but we doubt greatly if a new Longfellow or a new Lowell could now become a real force in our national life".
Literary scholar Kermit Vanderbilt noted, "Increasingly rare is the scholar who braves ridicule to justify the art of Longfellow's popular rhymings. Wallace Stevens was a student at Harvard College when the Fireside Poets were at their height; he recalled that "it was commonplace to say that all the poetry had been written".Well, in , Nicolaus Copernicus formulated a comprehensive theory that the Sun, not our planet, is in the center of the universe, thus starting the scientific revolution (and giving Earth a self-esteem complex).
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Manhood Lost: Fallen Drunkards and Redeeming Women in the Nineteenth-Century United States "A fresh perspective on the ways in which nineteenth-century participants in America's temperance debate understood the roles of men and women and the relationships between individuals and their environment." the temperance movement of the 19th Author: Elaine Frantz Parsons.
The 19th century was a century that began on January 1, , and ended on December 31, The 19th century saw large amounts of social change; slavery was abolished, and the Second Industrial Revolution led to massive urbanization and much higher levels of productivity, profit and prosperity.
In , the Soviet Union sold to Japan its interest in the Chinese Eastern Railway for avoiding friction with Japan. On April 1st, Chiang Kai-shek launched the "economic construction movement" in Guiyang of Guizhou Province and made Song Ziwen the chief of the Bank of China.
The temperance movement, rooted in America's Protestant churches, first urged moderation, then encouraged drinkers to help each other to resist temptation, and ultimately demanded that local, state, and national governments prohibit alcohol outright.